Watch Dogs Inspired Wireless Hacking Drone Using a Pineapple Nano
Today I finally got around to getting my WiFi Pineapple Drone, Project Cuckoo, out and flying. This was (is) a fun project partially inspired by the Ubisoft game, Watch Dogs 2. I say partially, as I've always had an interest in combining my hobby of infosec/messing with wireless security, and my other hobby of UAS/drones.
Project Cuckoo is so named, because of the nature of the Cuckoo bird. Cuckoos are birds that will lay their eggs in other birds' nests, and then fly off leaving the nest's owner to incubate and care for the cuckoo bird egg. In the same manner, Project Cuckoo flies to it's target, lands, and is a rogue access point/pivot for getting into the targeted network. You then drop your (egg) shells/persistance, and fly off. Thus, the silly name Project Cuckoo
At it's core, Project Cuckoo is a pretty average platform, with a couple of special features. It's hardware consists of a Betaflight OMNIBUS F4 Pro V2 Flight controller, M8N GPS, DYS F20A ESC, 2006 2400KV motors, and 5030 carbon fiber 2 blade props, all mounted to a 3d printed ABS frame of my own design.
Now about those special features. The DYS F20A ESC has an integrated 5v buck converter. To this, I connected a panel mount female USB plug, which is mounted in the lower section of the frame. This powers the Hak5 Pineapple Nano, without any modfication. The other interesting feature is the power source. I'm using LG HG2 cells to power the drone. They are safer, and have MUCH higher power density than any current lithium polymer chemistry. They have sufficient current to make the platform move and react pretty quick too. There is however one issue I'm facing involving the voltage curve of lithium ion vs lithium polymer, and I go into more detail and potential resolutions in the article here (not yet posted). However over all, I'm pretty happy with the duraiton, handling, and form factor of these cells.
At the end of the day, Project Cuckoo was created to have fun, and show what's possible. It's not perfect, and I still have changes and optimizations to make, but it's functional. It could happily fly and land somewhere it probably shouldnt be, and conduct electronic surveillance or even active attacks against wireless networks. The technology is here to stay, and it will ultimatley be an issue faced as we go forward. This is just one of many uses for UAS that should be considered and thought about in modern security, both network and physical.
Massive thanks to Darren from Hak5 for supplying the Pineapple Nano for this project. It's a great piece of hardware and I encourage anyone interested in wireless security to check it out. It makes for great demonstrations that are easy to grasp. More info on the WiFi Pineapple Nano here
I will likely continue developement on this concept, refining it and increasing it's feature set and capabilities. I currently do not have plans to produce more of these platforms, however I am considering it.